Graphene is an exciting material with many outstanding properties that could revolutionize many industries. Currently, research on graphene and graphene applications is in the order of billion dollars a year and growing steadily. However, the R&D work and especially the commercialization of graphene applications have been stalled due to lack of quality graphene that is made in industrial quantities.
The graphene supply chain is relatively in its infancy with small amounts produced for research and development. There is no coordination between elements of the chain to provide the type of graphite that is best suited for graphene pre-cursor at the mining, processing or refining levels. The industrial processes used to make the graphene are also at the development stage. Quality control is minimum and many companies that claim to produce graphene actually produce thin-layered graphite. The lack of genuine graphene has limited the development of graphene applications and the sales of thin-layered graphite as graphene has, in some cases, done considerable damage to the progression of graphene to commercial applications.